When you code a dynamic application, you will soon face its trade-off: it is dynamic. Each time a user does a request, your server makes all sorts of calculations – database queries, template rendering and so on – to create the final response. For most web applications, this is not a big deal, but when your application starts becoming big and highly visited you will want to limit the overhead on your machines.

That's where caching comes in.

The main idea behind cache is simple: we store the result of an expensive calculation somewhere to avoid repeating the calculation if we can. But, sincerely speaking, designing a good caching scheme is mainly a PITA, since it involves many complex evaluations about what you should store, where to store it, and so on.

So how can weppy help you with this? It provides some tools out of the box that let you focus your development energy on what to cache and not on how you should do that.

Low-level cache

Low-level caching becomes convenient when you want to cache a specific action, such as a select on the database or a computation. Let's say, for example, that you have a blog and a certain function that exposes the last ten posts:

def last():
    rows = Post.all().select(, limitby=(0, 10))
    return dict(posts=rows)

Now, since the performance bottleneck here is the call to the database, you can limit the overhead by caching the select result for 30 seconds, so you decrease the number of calls to your database. Here's where the weppy Cache class becomes handy:

from weppy import Cache
cache = Cache()

def last():
    def _get():
        return Post.all().select(, limitby=(0, 10))
    return dict(posts=cache('last_posts', _get, 30))

Here's how it works: you encapsulate the action you want to cache into a function, and then call your cache instance with a key, the function, and the amount of time in seconds you want to store the result of your function. weppy will take care of the rest.

– OK, dude. But where does weppy store the result?
you can choose that

By default, weppy stores your cached content into the RAM of your machine, but you can also use the disk or redis as your storage system. Let's see these three systems in detail.

RAM cache

This is the default cache mechanism of weppy. To use this system you just create a Cache instance and you can call it directly:

from weppy import Cache
cache = Cache()
v = cache('my_key', my_f, my_time)

and the result of the my_f function will be stored and retrieved from RAM. Due to that, when you use this caching system, you must consider the size of the data you're storing, to avoid filling up all the memory of the machine. When you need to store large data in the cache—and when this happens you may ask yourself why you need to cache so much data—it'll probably be better to use the disk cache.

Note on multi-processing: When you store data in RAM cache, you are actually using the python process' memory. If you're running your web application using multiple processes/workers, every process will have its own cache and the data you store wont be available to the other ones. If you need to have a shared cache between processes, you should use the disk or redis.

Disk cache

The disk cache is actually slower than the RAM or the redis ones, but if you need to cache large amounts of data, it fits the role perfectly. Here is how to use it:

from weppy.cache import Cache, DiskCache
cache = Cache(disk=DiskCache())
v = cache('my_key', my_f, my_time)

Redis Cache

Redis is quite a good system for caching: is really fast—really—and if you're running your application with several workers, your data will be shared between your processes. To use it, you just initialize the Cache class with the RedisCache handler:

from weppy.cache import Cache, RedisCache
cache = Cache(redis=RedisCache(host='localhost', port=6379))
v = cache('my_key', my_f, my_time)

Using multiple systems together

As you probably supposed, you can use multiple caching system together. Let's say you want to use the three systems we just described. You can do it simply:

from weppy.cache import Cache, RamCache, DiskCache, RedisCache
cache = Cache(
v_ram = cache.ram('my_key', my_f, my_time)
v_disk = cache.disk('my_key', my_f, my_time)
v_redis = cache.redis('my_key', my_f, my_time)

You can also call

v = cache('my_key', my_f, my_time)

and weppy will use the first handler you passed to Cache class when you created the instance—in this example, RAM. If you don't like configuring the default system using parameter order, you may prefer using the default parameter:

cache = Cache(m=RamCache(), r=RedisCache(), default='r')
# ram cache get/store
v_ram = cache.m('my_key', my_f, my_time)
# redis cache get/store
v_redis1 = cache('my_key1', my_f1, my_time1)
v_redis2 = cache.r('my_key2', my_f2, my_time2)

Custom caching handlers

section under development